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MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS 

Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 

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No 216 29 October 2020 ISSN/elSSN 1015-8235 

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The Republic Day is a public holiday in Turkey commemorating the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey 

on 29 October 1923 

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http://zoobank.org/References/i.^EC.^344-Q23A-4DFi-9D33-8.^i.^DiiEDDC7 

Description of a new species in the genus Butleronea Viette in the 
mainland of Africa (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) 


Muhabbet Kemal 1 Ahmet Omer Ko^ak 


Abstract: Description of a new species in the genus Butleronea Viette in the mainland of Africa 
(Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Misc. Pap. 216:1-5, 6 figs. 1 map 

In this paper, a new species Butleronea umay sp. n. is described and illustrated from South Africa, 
Soutpansberg Mountains. The genus Butleronea is first reported here from the mainland of 
Continent Africa. A map for the species is also added. 

Keywords: Butleronea, umay, Noctuidae, Lepidoptera, description, South Africa. 


During the expeditions to Soutpansberg Mountains (northern South Africa), realized 
privately by the authors in 2003, nocturnal specimens of a species of the genus Butleronea 
Viette,1968, were collected. After the comparison with the sole and type-species Butleronea tsara 
Viette,1968 of the genus described from Madagascar, we came to the conclusion that this species of 
Butleronea is new to science taxonomically; while the genus is new record for the fauna of the 
mainland of Africa Continent, as well as the Republic of South Africa. Description and other 
information are given below: 


Butleronea umay sp. n. 

http://zoobank.org/NomenclaturaIActs/oDBB4BFa-7468-48B2-Q8DE-E4846. c ;FEo62i 

Description 
Holotype (male) 

Body : 

Head : Frons, vertex, base of antennae with creamy, hairy scales. Antenna filiform. Proboscis 
developed, brown. 


1 Dr Muhabbet Kemal - Van Yiiziincii Yil University, Faculty of Science, Dept, of Biology, Campus, Van / Turkey, 
e-mails: muhabbet kemal(Syahoo.com.tr - 

Corresponding author: Prof, em Dr Ahmet Omer Kogak, c/o Van Yuzuncii Yil University, Faculty of Science, Dept, of Biology, Van / 
Turkey, e-mail: cesa tr@yahoo.com.tr 

We hope that this very troubled process, we are experiencing due to the coronavirus pandemic, is over as soon as possible 
by using the scientific methods not by praying, if it is natural. 

We wish most of us to return to our happy and healthy days again. 










ISSN/elSSN 1015-8235 


Miscellaneous Papers 
Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


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Thorax : Patagia and tegulae with whitish scales. Legs usually covered by yellowish hairs, black with 
creamy rings. 

Abdomen : Elongated, lateral organs with long yellowish hairs located about the middle of 
abdomen. 

Measurements : Forewing: 13.5mm, wingspan: 29mm. 

Comparative description of wings: 

Upperside forewing : Main colouration dirty brown with some black striae; basal postdiscal and 
submarginal area ornamented with whitish scales similar to tsar a. Black marginal line incomplete 
(complete in tsara). Ciliae white, chequered with black. 

Underside forewing : Dark markings similar to those of tsara. Yellowish colouration highly 
reduced, confined basally (well and widely developed in tsara). Discal spot hardly visible, almost 
crescent (better developed, roundish in tsara). Underside hindwing: Ground colour creamy white 
(yellow in tsara). 

Upperside hindwing : Yellow. Apical area suffused with brownish scales (absent in tsara). Dark 
brown marginal line almost complete (absent in tsara). Brownish anal spot developed (absent in 
tsara). Slightly chequered ciliae pure white (pure yellow in tsara). 

Underside hindwing : Ground colour and ciliae creamy white (yellow in tsara). Discal spot crescent 
(round in tsara). Irregular postdiscal dark markings almost complete (developed only at apical half 
in tsara). 

Paratypes (4$$ 2.ff). Males similar to holotype in appearance, but sizes variable: forewing: 
12mm, wingspan: 27mm. In females, dark markings of wings variable; wing sizes larger than 
males: forewing: 15-I7mm, wingspan: 3i-35mm. 

Male genitalia (Fig. 3): In general, it resembles to that of tsara. Uncus slender, sickle-shaped, 
pointed at tip. Shapes of valva, sacculus, vinculum and tegumen are similar to those of tsara to 
some degree. But clasper weakly developed and almost straight (strongly curved in tsara). Shape of 
aedeagus similar but there are some differences on the serrated plate and the arrangement of the 
spines on vesica. 

Female genitalia (Fig. 6): Anal papillae developed, almost triangular. Anterior and posterior 
apophyses equal in length. Ostium bursae large, ductus bursae slightly elongated, corpus bursae 
membraneous, subspherical without markings but fine punctuated, not striated as in B. tsara. 

Closely related species : The new species is near to Butleronea tsara Viette,i968 (type species of 
Butleronea). The holotype (male) of tsara was illustrated by Prins & Prins (2020). The new species 
is easily distinguishable from it externally by more developed dark submarginal markings on the 
upperside of hindwings, different shaped dark markings and colouration of the both wings in both 
sexes. More prominent characters are seen in the male genitalia. The shapes of the clasper, valva 
and aedeagus in the male genitalia of the new species are different (Fig.3) (cf. Viette, 1968: fig.i). 
Ductus bursae of new species (Fig.6) is shorter than that of tsara Viette (cf. Viette, 1968: fig.2). 
Parallel lines on corpus bursae absent in the new species (Fig.6) (cf. Allotype $ genitalia, Genitalia 
Slide by P. Viette 4832, illustrated by Prins & Prins, 2020) 

Etymology : The scientific name “umay” is based upon the name of Goddess of the mothers and the 
children in the Uyghur Mythology. 

Material studied : 3SS (incl. holotype) and 5$$ (paratypes): South Africa: Limpopo (=Transvaal), 
Soutpansberg Mts., Medike 820m, savanna, 27.xi.2003, M. Kemal & A.Kogak leg. (Coll. Cesa). 

Habitat : Savanna (Bushveld). 

Adult : Nocturnal, flight time: Late November. 

Range : Known only from northern part of South African Republic (Map 1). 


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ISSN/elSSN 1015-8235 


Miscellaneous Papers 
Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


Nr 216-29 October 2020 




Figs. 1-3. Butleronea umay sp. n. (Holotype): Upperside and underside of the male (above), male genitalia and 
removed aedeagus with enlarged parts (GP3302). M. Kemal (Cesa) 


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ISSN/elSSN 1015-8235 


Miscellaneous Papers 
Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


Nr 216-29 October 2020 



Figs. 4-6. Butleronea umay sp. n. (Paratype 9 ): Upperside and underside of the female (left), female genitalia 
(GP3303) (right). M. Kemal (Cesa) 


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Miscellaneous Papers 
Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


Nr 216-29 October 2020 



Map l - Butleronea umay sp.n. (yellow), Butleronea tsara (green). 


References 


Prins, J. De & W. De Prins, 2011-2020. Afromoths, online database of Afrotropical moth species 
(Lepidoptera). http://www.afromoths.net [last access: 28 October, 2020]. 

Viette,P., 1968. Noctuelles inedites de Madagascar (Lep.). Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 73 (3/4): 77-83. 


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ISSN/elSSN 1015-8235 


Miscellaneous Papers 
Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


Nr 216-29 October 2020 


http://zoobank.org/References/giC778EB-C7QE-4ARQ-B.^gE-851Q4E28A2882 

A new Ethmia species for the fauna of the mainland of Africa 

(Lepidoptera, Ethmiidae) 


Muhabbet Kemal 2 Ahmet Omer Ko^ak 


Abstract: A new Ethmia species for the fauna of the mainland of Africa (Lepidoptera, Ethmiidae). 
Misc. Pap. 216: 6-8, 4 figs. 1 map. 

In this paper, Ethmia ampanella Viette described from Madagascar is reported from mainland of 
Africa faunistically. The status of griveaudi Viette from Comores is discussed and proposed as 
junior synonym of ampanella Viette. The adult and the male genitalia of the species are also 
illustrated. A map for the species is also added. 

Key words: Ethmia ampanella, griveaudi, Ethmiidae, Lepidoptera, South Africa, Soutpansberg, 
Medike, Comores, Madagascar, fauna. 


The Palaeotropical studies within the Cesa projects has been reminded recently with brief 
information (Kemal & Kogak, 2020a-b). The scientific results of the evaluating the material 
collected by the authors from Ethiopia in 1996 and from South Africa (Transvaal) in 2003-2004 
will be published at irregular intervals. Within this program, a new species of Butleronea was 
published in the present issue of this serial (Kemal & Ko^ak, 2020c). In the present paper, an 
Ethmiid species unknown from mainland of Africa is reported faunistically. 

Ethmia ampanella was described by Viette (1976: 241) from South Madagascar 
(Ampanihy). Viette (1976: 242) described also a new subspecies griveaudi from Comores within 
the same species. Mey & Shovkoon (2014: 106) mentioned the type-locality of this species as 
Comores incorrectly. They omitted griveaudi, which was described by Viette (1976) from Comores. 

The authors collected a good series of Ethmia species from Savanna (Bushveld) habitat near 
Medike, Soutpansberg Mts. (Northern South Africa). The male genitalia (Fig.i) fits well the male 
genitalia of the holotype, illustrated by Viette (1976). Therefore, we identified this species as 
Ethmia ampanella Viette,1976 (Figs. 1-4). This is new faunistical record for the mainland of Africa 
and Republic of South Africa (Map 1). 

Externally the specimens collected show variability to some degree. Wing size is also 
variable. Between subspecies of a species, the gene flow should continue. Only the size and some 
morphological differences are not enough for the subspecific distinction. It must be based on 
convincing, not only morphological but also molecular evidences, if available. The wing sizes of the 
specimens of Ethmia ampanella found at Medike from 11 to 12.5mm of forewing, from 24 to 
26.5mm of wingspan ( cf. the sizes of ampanella and griveaudi given by Viette (1976)). Under 
these circumstances, we propose here the name griveaudi Viette, 1976 from Comores as junior 
subjective synonym of ampanella Verity, 1976 from Madagascar (syn. nov.). 

Remarkable blackish abdominal markings, which are variable in size to some degree, are 
illustrated here for the first time. On dorsal side, they are located singly. Ventrally, 6 pairs more or 
less developed markings are located ventro-laterally (Figs. 3,4). 


2 Dr Muhabbet Kemal - Van Yiiziincii Yil University, Faculty of Science, Dept, of Biology, Campus, Van / Turkey, 
e-mails: muhabbet kemal@vahoo.com.tr - 

Corresponding author: Prof, em Dr Ahmet Omer Kogak, c/o Van Yiizuncii Yil University, Faculty of Science, Dept, of Biology, Van / 
Turkey, e-mail: cesa tr@yahoo.com.tr 


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ISSN/elSSN 1015-8235 


Miscellaneous Papers 
Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


Nr 216-29 October 2020 


Material studied : 6 specimens: South Africa, Limpopo (=Transvaal), Soutpansberg 
Mountains, Medike 820m, Savanna, 25.xi.2003, M. Kemal & A.Kogak leg. (Coll. Cesa) 



Figs. 1-4 - Ethmia ampanella. Male genitalia, aedeagus removed (GP3301) (left). Upperside of male (top right). 
Markings on abdomen: before dissecting, ventral and dorsal sides of abdomen during free floating in alchohol (bottom 
right). South Africa, Soutpansberg Mts., Medike. M. Kemal (Cesa). 



Map 1 - Ethmia ampanella (marked yellow) from South Africa (Medike), South Madagascar (Ampanihy) and Comores 


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Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


Nr 216-29 October 2020 


References 

Kemal,M. & A.O.Ko£ak, 2020a. Miscellaneous notes on Palaeotropical Lepidoptera. Misc. Pap. 214:1-6. 

Kemal,M. & A.O.Ko^ak, 2020b. Nomenclatural notes on the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera). Misc. Pap. 215: 1- 

3. 

Kemal,M. & A.O.KoQak, 2020c. Description of a new species in the genus Butleronea Viette in the 
mainland of Africa (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Misc. Pap. 216: 1-5, 6 figs. 1 map. 

Mey, W. & D.F.Shovkoon, 2014. Synopsis of the Ethmiinae (Lepidoptera, Gelechioidea: Depressariidae) 
of the Afrotropical Region and descriptions of new species. - Tijdschr. Ent. 157:105-122. 

Prins, J. De & W. De Prins, 2011-2020. Afromoths, online database of Afrotropical moth species 
(Lepidoptera). http: / / www. afromoths .net [last access: 28 October, 2020]. 

Viette P., 1976. Nouveaux Ethmia de Madagascar et des Comores (Lep. Ethmiidae). Bull. Mens. Soc. linn. 
Lyon 45 (7): 239-245. 


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Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara 


Nr 216-29 October 2020 


MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS ISSN/eISSNioi5-8235 

Miscellaneous Papers is a peer reviewed serial of the Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara, established in 1989. It appears at 
irregular interval in a year, as PDF format and includes original articles of the research workers of the Centre, regarding on various 
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The CESA is a non-profit group, no royalties will be paid to authors of contributions. Papers accepted become the copyright of the 
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Web Page of the Cesa: http://www.cesa-tr.org/ 

Scientific Serials; Priamus & Priamus Supplement (print and online versions) (ISSN 1015-8243)3, Miscellaneous Papers (print and 
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Editorial Board of all Scientific Serials of the CESA / Biitiin Bilimsel Yayinlann Yayin Kurulu: Insecta, taxonomy, 
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Expert referees according to the subject areas: Dr Peter Huemer (Austria) and Dr. Ole Karsholt (Denmark): Gelechioidea, and 
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